1. Isolate keywords from your topic.
2. Narrow your search results to include both of your keywords using AND.
"Nellie Bly" AND "investigative journalism" AND women
3. Expand your search using OR to find like terms.
"Nellie Bly" AND "investigative journalism" AND (women OR feminism)
Combining search terms with AND:
A search for "Nellie Bly" yields 471 results results
A search for "investigative journalism" yields 6,922 results
A search for "investigative journalism" AND "Nellie Bly" yields 29 results
A search for "women's rights" yields 46,525 results
A search for feminism yields 97,260 results
A search for "women's rights" OR feminism yields 135,810 results
A search for News yields 80,049,505 results
A search for News NOT Television yields 77,025,916 results
Use Quotation Marks to:
This shows the search engine that you want the terms to be found together. The search will look for exactly what you place in the quotation marks, so be sure there are no mistakes.
A search for Nellie Bly yields 518 results
A search for "Nellie Bly" yields 471 results
Use Truncation to:
Search engines match your terms to results; they will not automatically find an alternate version of it. Truncation tells the search to match the root of your term and gives it freedom to find whatever endings it can.
A search for Journalist yields 5,098,022 results
A search for Journalis* yields 5,778,205 results
1. denoting a system of algebraic notation used to represent logical propositions, especially in computing and electronics.
What does that mean for you?
If you are having a hard time finding what you need, use the Boolean Operators outlined here to more efficiently search databases.
No matter where you are searching - the catalog, Google Scholar, a database you will want to use Boolearn Operators to refine your search to your specifications.
We are indebted to the Butler University Library's And/Or/Not box for some of the content displayed here.